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If you want to stay young, you need to protect your blood vessels.

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From the age of 20, blood garbage begins to deposit in blood vessels. Over time, blood vessels become brittle and hard. Some exfoliated plaques form thrombus and float in the blood vessels like time bombs, burying hidden dangers to health.

Poor blood vessels from head injury to foot

If the human body is compared to a machine, the blood is equivalent to "fuel", and the blood vessel is the pipeline. On the premise that all the heart "generator" is normal, only the smooth pipeline, energy will be continuously supplied to maintain human life activities. Imagine the day when the blood vessels are blocked or stretched inflexibly, then the nutrients in the blood can not be in place smoothly, and harmful substances can not be quickly excreted. Over time, people become ill.

The blood vessels in the human body interweave into a huge network, which has a clear division of labor, and we call it the circulatory system. Healthy blood vessels have three characteristics: toughness, smoothness and smoothness. "Toughness" means good elasticity and flexibility. Like rubber bands, they can recover quickly after stretching. Hypertension and hyperlipidemia can have an important impact on vascular elasticity, so effective monitoring of blood pressure and lipids and regulating them in a normal state can protect vascular toughness to the greatest extent. The purpose of "slippery" is to show that the inner wall of the blood vessel is smooth and there is no blockage in the blood flow. In patients with coronary heart disease, there are many small plaques on the inner wall of blood vessels. These patches are like small bumps on the road, which always cause bumps when vehicles or people pass by. "Shun" emphasizes the patency of blood vessels. As long as the blood vessels are tough and slippery, the smooth way will be "let it be". The benefits of smooth blood vessels are obvious. Only when smooth blood vessels can accelerate metabolism and maintain adequate transport vitality.

Vessel health, health is guaranteed, blood vessel health, longevity is possible. Healthy blood vessel system has strong ability to work and respond, but with the increase of age, as well as the constant stimulation of high blood pressure, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, smoking and other risk factors, such problems inevitably arise. For example, the elasticity of blood vessels decreases and becomes brittle. The inner walls of blood vessels adhere to various "plaques" and become more and more rugged. Don't underestimate these changes in blood vessels. In fact, they are the fuse of many kinds of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and may aggravate the original diseases.

Five main culprits are shortening your life span

The flow in the blood vessel is liquid. Why is it blocked? This is very understandable. Just like the water pipes we often use, even if the clear tap water flows through, it will leave scales over a long period of time. The blood contains various kinds of fat (such as low density lipoprotein cholesterol, the representative of bad cholesterol). When these substances can not be cleaned up, they will deposit on the inner wall of blood vessels, and the pipelines will become thinner and thinner, which may eventually lead to complete blockage of blood vessels. When the deposited garbage falls off the wall of the blood vessel, it becomes a embolism, and then as the blood flows around, it may be blocked when it encounters a narrower location.

Why are some old people's blood vessels always fresh and refreshing, but some people get blocked in many places when they are young? The author summarized the five main culprits of blocking blood vessels: overeating, long-term staying up late, bad mood, smoking, lack of exercise.

Overeating and overeating have improved living standards. Many people pursue delicacy uncontrollably. They take all kinds of high-fat and high-sugar foods according to the list. They not only eat a lot and miscellaneous, but also eat irregularly. Excessive fat intake, the body can not digest, people not only easily become fat, but also make more and more fat deposition in blood vessels, more vulnerable to hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes.

Staying up late for a long time is now stressful and people's sleep time is generally delayed. But from a health point of view, staying up late can make the body release a variety of hormones, stimulate vasoconstriction, and then slow down blood flow, increase blood viscosity. Studies have found that people who stay up late for a long time have a significantly higher risk of heart disease. News about sudden death from staying up late is also frequently reported. The occurrence of these diseases is related to staying up late.

The skin of people with bad mood and cheerful personality looks glossy, while the skin of people who are depressed day by day tends to be darker. In fact, emotional and mental state is not only related to a person's external, but also has an impact on the health of the cardiovascular system. Studies have found that emotions are closely related to the heart, and prolonged depression and anxiety can cause the body to secrete some substances harmful to the heart, that is, what we often call cardiotoxicity. And if you are optimistic and open enough, your heart will not suffer.

There are numerous studies on cigarettes and cardiovascular health. Tobacco harmful substances such as nicotine, tar and carbon monoxide are exchanged into the blood after inhalation. These substances interfere with normal fat metabolism and destroy vascular elasticity. In addition, smoking can increase hypertension, promote blood coagulation and reduce exercise tolerance. Studies have found that smokers are much more likely to suffer from acute myocardial infarction and stroke than non-smokers and have an earlier onset.

Numerous clinical studies at home and abroad on lack of exercise have proved that proper physical exercise can have a good effect on the structure and function of cardiovascular system to varying degrees. Exercise can reflex coronary artery dilatation, promote muscle tension, reduce blood lipid content and reduce obesity. Patients with hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes can also effectively reduce blood pressure and improve glycolipid metabolism after moderate exercise.

How can we know whether the blood vessels are good or not?

Friends who have some medical knowledge will find that sometimes feeling good about themselves does not mean that there are no health problems.

Clinically, many patients only think of coming to the hospital when they feel uncomfortable. There are many early symptoms of diseases are not obvious, patients do not even feel, timely detection of these symptoms highlights the important role of physical examination. It is the so-called "take precautions against rains" that we should take precautions against them.

Cardiovascular disease is a common disease that seriously endangers people's health. In recent years, with the improvement of people's material living standards, the incidence of the disease is also flourishing. Studies have found that even in adolescents, the trend of atherosclerosis has already appeared. Therefore, early detection, early prevention and early treatment have become the primary prevention and treatment principles to curb cardiovascular diseases. Routine and targeted physical examinations can help us identify cardiovascular risk factors and reduce the incidence of cardiovascular diseases by giving appropriate interventions.

Traditional factors such as age, sex, weight and smoking lead to the younger incidence of cardiovascular diseases in recent years. Many young adults in their thirties suffer from myocardial infarction and cerebral infarction. Therefore, we should emphasize that cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases are not the patent of the elderly, and young people should also pay attention to them.

The incidence of cardiovascular disease in women before menopause was significantly lower than that in men. Many studies have speculated that estrogen secretion plays an important role. Overweight and obesity have become the main causes of cardiovascular disease in young and middle-aged people. Diabetes mellitus is also a dangerous disease of cardiovascular disease. Although diabetic patients do not have cardiovascular disease for the time being, the probability of cardiovascular events such as myocardial infarction in the future is as high as those who have been diagnosed with coronary heart disease.

Blood lipids include four total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). Increased TC is closely related to atherosclerosis, nephrotic syndrome and severe diabetes mellitus. High TG indicates that patients with obesity and diabetes are more likely. LDL-C, commonly known as bad cholesterol, is responsible for the formation and acceleration of atherosclerosis, while HDL-C, commonly known as cholesterol, is the scavenger of blood vessels. Therefore, the less the former, the better the latter.

Conventional electrocardiogram (ECG) can assist in the diagnosis of various heart diseases by recording the potential changes in the process of cardiac contraction and diastole. The examination is simple and easy. Many people usually have no special symptoms, but in routine electrocardiogram examination, it will be found that prolonged QT interval, J wave syndrome, ST segment elevation in some leads, abnormal Q wave and left ventricular hypertrophy, etc. These data suggest that patients may have heart abnormalities such as coronary heart disease and cardiomyopathy, and are prone to sudden death and cardiovascular accidents. Normal ECG does not mean that the heart is normal, for example, in patients with coronary heart disease without angina attack ECG can also be completely normal.

Some patients with 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiogram (DCG) have deep hidden cardiovascular disease, which is similar to normal people at rest. Conventional ECG examination may not show any problems.

24-hour ambulatory electrocardiogram (DCG) can record all kinds of radio data throughout the day and analyze the change rule of the center rate of a day. This method can detect all kinds of arrhythmias and whether the patients have symptomatic myocardial ischemia under various conditions, especially for early coronary heart disease has a high detection rate. When making 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiogram, patients should carry a "small schoolbag", which is an instrument for examination, and relevant electrodes should be pasted to several parts of the chest (the more data recorded, the more comprehensive). Patients can move as freely as usual within 24 hours of being examined, and what to do and what to do.

Echocardiography uses the physical characteristics of ultrasound to examine the anatomical structure and functional status of the heart and blood vessels. This method is non-radiation and non-traumatic, and is widely used in clinic. The heart is always supplying blood to the whole body. If the connection between tissues and organs is not smooth and tight, the shutdown or the opening of the shutdown may occur unexpectedly. For example, the common poor systolic function of the heart, leading to the patient's heart does not have the strength to contract and relax, or the amplitude is too small to pump enough blood, but echocardiography can see these problems really.

ECG treadmill exercise test is the most common ECG load test, which is mainly used to assist the diagnosis of coronary heart disease. Many patients with coronary heart disease have no symptoms of myocardial ischemia and normal electrocardiogram in resting state. Therefore, in order to find the crux, it is necessary to increase the load of the heart in order to induce myocardial ischemia, and then make a comprehensive diagnosis.

The method is also relatively simple, that is, to let patients walk on the electric pedal, pedal speed and slope increase until the heart rate of patients can be accurately predicted.

The treadmill test can not only estimate the severity of coronary artery stenosis and evaluate the therapeutic effect of patients, but also better measure the cardiac function and exercise tolerance, so as to objectively arrange the labor intensity and activity range of patients.

Vascular blockage can be fatal diet and exercise to adhere to

Different people have different interpretations of health and disease. Some seem to be normal, but there are a variety of pathogenic factors that need timely medication; while others are not itchy, but because once bitten by a snake, ten years fear of well rope and too nervous. Admittedly, there are millions of patients with cardiovascular diseases around the world, a considerable number of them are mild or healthy people who do not need to take medicine. But a considerable part of them are affected by the messy health information outside, so they can't avoid being seated on the right number. In fact, as long as we insist on improving our lifestyle, we can say goodbye to common diseases such as hypertension and hyperlipidemia. Next, I will share with you the experience of protecting blood vessels from both diet and exercise.

Pay attention to diet. Health depends on eating.

Diet is also to be fastidious, not that the less you eat, the better or the more refined the better, but to eat the right, eat the right. Diet control emphasizes not to be hungry, aiming at maintaining an ideal weight. Some people say that I can eat delicious food with diet tea and diet pills, which I disagree with very much. I recommend a Mediterranean diet: olive oil, nuts, red wine and fish. Local cardiovascular experts in Europe spent five years conducting surveys and found that people living along the Mediterranean coast had a 30% lower risk of heart disease than other populations. Eventually the Mediterranean diet surfaced and became popular around the world. In fact, the Mediterranean diet is not rare and noble. It emphasizes high fiber, high vitamins, low fat and low calorie. This is the best summary of what cardiologists urge people, especially those with cardiovascular diseases, to eat reasonably.

In addition, people with hypertension tendency or fluctuation of blood pressure should pay attention to low sodium and high potassium in choosing food. Low sodium and high potassium diet is an effective treatment for salt-sensitive hypertension patients. At the same time, moderate salt restriction can make the blood pressure of most patients with stage 1 hypertension reach normal. This also means that we are required to taste light, increase the proportion of food containing more potassium, fresh vegetables, melons and fruits, the richer the better.

Folic acid has been a favorite in recent years. Adequate folic acid can reduce the incidence of H-type hypertension, and its antioxidant stress can improve vascular endothelial function, which plays an effective buffer in the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease. Because of cooking habits in China, folic acid rich in plants loses more than half in the heating process, so many people, especially H-type hypertensive patients, can consider oral folic acid preparation no more than 0.8 mg per day. Of course, the specific whether to take, but also to the hospital to find a doctor to test the relevant indicators to determine.

Regular Exercise, Health Depends on Exercise

Proper exercise can maintain the integrity of vascular endothelial cell function, prevent arteriosclerosis, delay vascular aging and reduce blood lipids. But sports are exquisite. Healthy people are free to run and play as long as they don't get hurt. But for older people and patients with cardiovascular disease, physical exercise needs to be carefully planned. Medical staff may be asked to do a simple physical examination and assessment to determine whether there are some asymptomatic, but not suitable for exercise hidden diseases or risk factors, and then formulate effective exercise prescriptions. In the choice of sports, slow, even and rhythmic activities are preferred, such as shadowboxing, walking, fast walking and other low-intensity sports.

In the process of exercise, we should learn to self-monitor the intensity of exercise - Self-test pulse is a way of self-measurement, that is, according to the percentage of the highest heart rate (220-age) reached after exercise to determine the intensity of activity, moderate intensity exercise is equivalent to 60% of the highest heart rate, the specific calculation method is (220-age) *60% times/points. In addition, exercise intensity can also be monitored according to self-perception. Generally speaking, slightly sweating and breathing during exercise are enough to avoid being too tired.

Blood vessel obstruction, body experience "alarm"

Cardiovascular disease is sometimes difficult to detect, but some details, if noticed as soon as possible, can also help us to identify early in the onset of the disease, to avoid negligence and misdiagnosis.

Chest pain in many elderly patients is exactly shoulder pain (left shoulder, left arm pain is the most common), think shoulder periarthritis attack, is actually coronary heart disease. If a similar situation occurs, do not just paste rheumatism plaster, but should go to the hospital for further examination and diagnosis. The common important cardiovascular diseases of acute chest pain include angina pectoris, acute myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism and aortic dissection.

Dyspnea caused by pulmonary diseases is the most common, such as upper respiratory tract diseases, tracheal obstruction, alveolar distention and so on. Cardiogenic disorders are also more common, and are predisposed to heart failure. Difficulty of breathing caused by other diseases is different. Cardiogenic patients are aggravated in supine position and relieved in sitting or standing position. It is common in elderly people with history and signs of heart disease. There are often abnormal changes in electrocardiogram or echocardiography. X-ray examination can find enlarged heart shadow, congestion or pulmonary edema in the hilum and its vicinity.

Syncope and syncope are caused by decreased cardiac output or temporary cerebral vascular occlusion. The seizure is sudden and the loss of consciousness takes a short time, so it can be recovered soon. Cardiogenic syncope is different from general dizziness and headache. Although the patient may have syncope in any position, it should be highly suspected if syncope occurs during activity. The main accompanying symptoms are pallor, dyspnea, and possibly temporary palpitations. Effort is a common inducement, for example, some elderly people try to relieve their stools, and similar situations occur, suggesting that our patients may have arrhythmia or severe myocardial ischemia.

Edema is easily caused by bad heart or kidney. Cardiogenic edema is characterized by first appearing in drooping parts of the body, such as lower limbs, especially ankles, and in patients who have been in bed for a long time, edema first appearing in the sacrum.

Friends who snore are obese tend to snore, while patients with hypertension, hyperlipidemia and other diseases often snore. Studies have found that long-term snorers suffer from heart disease and stroke several times more than non-snorers and occasional snorers, so attention needs to be paid. Now we also see snoring as a basis for diagnosing heart disease.